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Proposed title: Animal Diseases: the Outbreak Situations in Japan and OIE Statuses

Foot and Mouth Disease (FMD) 

An outbreak of FMD was confirmed in Miyazaki Prefecture on April 20, 2010. As a result of the implementation of animal health control measures, including the destruction, burial and disinfection of cows, pigs and other animals suspected of having FMD, and the vaccination to prevent the infection from spreading, all the animal movement restriction zones were lifted by July 27, 2010.

The disposal of the animal excretion left in the farms was completed by the end of August 2010. The confirmatory tests to prove the areas free from FMD were conducted in September 2010 after the lifting of the movement restriction, and confirmed negative test results.
To recover its FMD-free country status and to resume exports of meat, etc., Japan submitted an application to the OIE (World Organisation for Animal Health) on October 6, 2010, and acquired the recognition of a “FMD-free country where vaccination is not practised” status on February 5, 2011 (Japan time).

(http://www.oie.int/animal-health-in-the-world/official-disease-status/fmd/list-of-fmd-free-members/)

 

Bovine Spongiform Encephalopathy (BSE) 

Refer to the web page below : OIE recognises Japan BSE risk as negligible

http://www.maff.go.jp/e/other/BSE_status.html)

 

Classical Swine Fever 

The development of a live attenuated vaccine in 1969 and the subsequent, systematic vaccination has reduced the number of outbreaks.

As the last outbreak was in 1992, and there have not been any more since 1993, the implementation of new measures started in 1996 aiming to eradicate classical swine fever by developing a new control structure without the use of vaccination.

First stage (from 1996): intensive vaccination and promotion of antibody testing

Second stage (from 1999): gradual cessation of vaccination

Third stage (from 2000): nationwide vaccination ban in principle

In 2004, 5 cases attributed to the use of unapproved vaccine were detected.

In 2006, the Specific Infectious Livestock Disease Guidelines for classical swine fever were prepared and published to indicate the direction of measures for preventing the outbreak and spread of classical swine fever to be implemented comprehensively in cooperation with the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries and other relevant bodies such as prefectures. Furthermore, vaccination against the disease was completely prohibited.

On April 1, 2007, one year after the complete termination of vaccination, Japan reported its status as a classical-swine-fever-free country to the OIE.  

 

Avian Influenza 

5 outbreaks of highly pathogenic avian influenza were confirmed in Miyazaki, Okayama, Yamaguchi and Saga Prefecture from December 2014 to January 2015. As a result of the implementation of control measures, including the destruction, burial and disinfection of poultry suspected of having the influenza, all the poultry movement restriction zones were lifted by February 14, 2015.

 

Newcastle Disease 

As more than 12 months had passed since the last outbreak of Newcastle disease in Japan on July 1, 2010, and as Japan fulfilled the conditions set forth in the OIE Code for a Newcastle- disease-free country, Japan reported to the OIE in February 2013 that it had returned to the Newcastle-disease-free country status stipulated in the OIE Code.

 

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