The following texts are quoted from the contents of the ICID website.
ICID - What it is
The International Commission on Irrigation and Drainage (ICID) was established on 24 June, 1950 as a Scientific, Technical and Voluntary Not-for-profit Non-Governmental International Organization (NGO) with headquarters in New Delhi, India. The Commission is dedicated to enhancing the worldwide supply of food and fibre for all people by improving water and land management and the productivity of irrigated and drained lands through appropriate management of water, environment and application of irrigation, drainage and flood management techniques. The activities of the Commission are pursued in accordance with the ICID Constitution and By-Laws. Latest version of these was adopted in 1996. English and French are the official languages of the Commission.
Objects and Activities
The Mission of ICID is to stimulate and promote the development and application of the arts, sciences and techniques of engineering, agriculture, economics, ecological and social sciences in managing water and land resources for irrigation, drainage, flood management and river training applications, including research and development and capacity building for achieving sustainable irrigated agriculture.
ICID has more than half-a-century of experience in the transfer of water management technology and in the handling of related issues. Building on its past experience, accomplishments, and the comprehensive water management framework, ICID strives to promote programs to enhance sustainable development of irrigated agriculture. ICID has been involved in the global discussions leading to Agenda 21, World Water Vision, World Water Forums etc., which have become the focal point of several of its technical activities.
In recognition of its significant contribution to the programs and objectives of International Year of Peace proclaimed by the UN General Assembly, on 15 September 1987 ICID was designated as a Peace Messenger by the UN Secretary General.
Membership and Organisation
Any geographical area independently administered by a sovereign government and having interest in the activities of the Commission is eligible to become a member, or National Committee. Individual engineers and scientists participate in the activities of the Commission through their National Committees, to further the objects of the Commission in their countries or sovereign areas.
Starting with 11 founding member countries in 1950, 109 countries have so far joined ICID to pool their efforts.
The Office Bearers of ICID are - the President, nine Vice Presidents and Secretary General. The President and Vice Presidents are elected for a term of three years. The Secretary General is appointed on a full time basis for a specified tenure.
The conduct of the Commission's affairs is vested in the International Executive Council (IEC). The IEC is composed of current Office Bearers and one representative from each National Committee. The Council meets each year.
It is the aim of the Commission that National Committees should be broad-based and multidisciplinary and collaborate with other organizations having related aims in their countries. The National Committees invite and host Commission's annual IEC meetings, World Congresses held triennially and Regional Conferences held by rotation in the various regions. They also organize activities in their countries to implement various action programs developed, promoted or sponsored by the Commission.
The activities of the Commission are carried out through technical workbodies. National Committees nominate top experts to these workbodies, dealing with various irrigation and drainage issues covering on-farm aspects, development and management of appropriate systems, inter-basin water transfer, socio-economic impacts of irrigated agriculture, livelihood & poverty alleviation, climate change, etc. Currently, there are over 30 such work groups. Regional water related issues are addressed by special working groups covering Africa, Europe, Asia, Americas, Lake Chad Basin and the Aral Sea Basin. To encourage workbodies and member National Committees to turn out increased activities and outputs, awards for Best Performing Workbody and Best Performing National Committee have been introduced.
A permanent secretariat, called the Central Office, is located in the Commission's building on the land provided by the Government of India in New Delhi. The Central Office staff works under the overall supervision of the Secretary-General and a small team of qualified professionals co-ordinate the technical work of the Commission.