Home > The Great East Japan Earthquake > The Damages caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake and Actions taken by Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries(March 31)


The Damages caused by the Great East Japan Earthquake and Actions taken by Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries(March 31)

※The data will be updated.


1. Summary of the earthquake (by Japan Meteorological Agency)

(1) Date and time : March 11, 2011 14:46 JST (Friday)
(2) Hypocenter : 130km off the Pacific coast of Tohoku region, from Iwate to Ibaraki Prefectures
(3) Depth : 24km
(4) Magnitude : M9.0
(5) Seismic Intensity in typical place 

JMA Seismic Intensity



Northern part of Miyagi


Southern and Central part of Miyagi

Nakadori and Hamadori of Fukushima

Northern and Southern part of Ibaraki

Northern and Southern part of Tochigi


Southern part of coastal area, northern part of inland area and southern part of inland area of Iwate

Aizu region of Fukushima

Southern part of Gunma

Southern part of Saitama

North-west part of Chiba


(6) Observed Tsunami (by Japan Meteorological Agency)
     Kamaishi offshore in Iwate: Maximum 6.8m on March 11, 2011 15:12JST
     Miyako offshore: Maximum 6.3m on March 11, 2011 15:12JST
     Hirota bay of Kesennuma offshore: Maximum 6.0m on March 11, 2011 15:14JST
        ※These data observation on offshore might be much higher on coast.


2. Damages of agriculture, forestry and fisheries

        ※Damages are based on the current report  and  are still under investigation. (Written on March 30 17:00JST)


Fish vessels


Catastrophic damages on Iwate, Miyagi and Fukushima. In addition, damages were reported from Hokkaido, Aomori , Ibaraki , Chiba , Tokyo , Kanagawa , Aichi, Mie, Wakayama , Tokushima,  Kochi , Oita, Miyazaki, Kagoshima, Okinawa. The damages of fish vessels and fishery harbor facilities are predicted to increase substantially.

(Vessels registered in  Toyama,  Ishikawa, Shizuoka, Shimane had damaged while moored in disaster area)





Fishery harbor facilities

171 harbors


Aquaculture facilities

A lot of damages are reported.

Agricultural crops etc.

Agricultural crops damaged by flood and washout, and livestock death etc.

Under investigation


Aomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Akita, Yamagata, Fukushima, Ibaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama, Chiba, Yamanashi, Nagano, Niigata and Mie

Damage of plastic greenhouse or livestock barn

Under investigation







Agricultural land, facilities

Damaged agricultural land



Aomori, Iwate, Fukushima, Ibaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama, Chiba, Nagano and Mie

Damaged agricultural facilities etc.

7,822 facilities


Aomorie, Iwate, Miyagi, Akita, Yamagata, Fukushima, Ibaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Saitama, Chiba, Kanagawa, Nagano, Shizuoka, Niigata and Mie







Desolation of forests land

219 points


Hokkaido, Aomori, Iwate, Miyagi, Akita, Fukushima, Ibaraki, Tochigi, Gunma, Chiba, Niigata, Nagano, Shizuoka and Kochi

Damage of facilities for maintaining forest

67 points


Damage of forest road

888 points


Processing and marketing facilities etc.

67 points

Under investigation

Cultivating facilities for forest products

263 points




1,504 points




(Reference) Human suffering (Reported by National Police Agency on March 31 10:00JST)
          Number of Death: 11,438
          Number of Missing: 16,541
          Number of Injured: 2,873

3. Responses of MAFF to the earthquake disaster (as of March 30 17:00JST)

(1) Main responses of Japanese government to the earthquake disaster

・Japanese government established disaster countermeasures office. (March 11)
・Japanese government dispatched governmental investigation teams to Miyagi prefecture ( March 11), Iwate and Fukushima prefecture ( March 12).
※MAFF dispatched 5 staff to each teams.
・Japanese government designated the disaster by the 2011 off the Pacific coast of Tohoku Earthquake as Heavy Disaster covered with all parts of the country(March 12)


(2) Main responses of MAFF to the earthquake disaster


【 Establishment of framework within MAFF 】

・MAFF established MAFF Earthquake Response Headquarters (March 11)
・MAFF established the contact point of consultation service for the damages in agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors. (March 12)
・MAFF confirmed MAFF Disaster Response Measures at MAFF Earthquake Response Headquarters. (March 12)
・MAFF enhanced provision of the information through the MAFF’s Website


【 Establishment of support system in the devastated area 】

・MAFF’s staff dispatched to Fukushima, Miyagi and Iwate prefectures are engaged in emergency food assistance in collaboration with local authorities.
・Tohoku Regional Agricultural Administration Office, Tohoku Regional Forest Office, Kanto Regional Forest Office, Local Agricultural Administration Offices, Governmental Project Offices are also providing the necessary assistances in cooperation with these disaster countermeasures offices on site.
・Fisheries Agency’s fishery oversight vessels (3 vessels) are engaged in the search activities on site (as of March 30).
・With cooperation with related organizations, Tohoku Regional Forest Office and Kanto Regional Forest Office are engaged in the transportation of food and various relief supplies  to the evacuation centers by 20 cars. ( March 16-)


【Site survey】

・Hokkaido Regional Forest Office, Tohoku Regional Forest Office, Kanto Regional Forest Office, Chubu Regional Forest Office conducted researches by helicopters.(March 12, 13, 16 and 19)
※Researchs were conducted around Fujinomiya city on March 16.
・Hon. Ms. Tanabu, Parliamentary Secretary for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries conducted the site survey to check on the damages and exchanged information and opinions with victims in Miyako City and Yamada Town, Iwate prefecture. (March 20)
・Fishery survey vessel Hakuryu Maru was engaged in the confirmation of the safety of some inhabitants in Oshika peninsula and provided the information to the Ishinomaki city government. (March 18-21)
・Hon Mr. Yoshida, Parliamentary Secretary for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries conducted the site survey to check on the damages and exchanged information and opinions with local entities concerned in Ibaraki prefecture. (March 24)
・Hon. Ms. Tanabu, Parliamentary Secretary for Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries conducted the site survey to check on the damages and exchanged information and opinions with victims in Hachinohe City and Hashikami City, Aomori prefecture. (March 26)
・MAFF dispatched 4 staff including Head of Construction Planning and Coordination Office, Design Division, Rural Development Bureau to Miyagi prefecture. They investigate the situation of large-scale disaster and give assistance and advice for disaster recovery from Ishinomaki City to coastal area of Yamamoto Chou. (March 26 - 27)


【Securing food】

・MAFF requested related organizations to secure enough food for victims.(March 11)
・MAFF is responding for the request of emergency food supply from Ibaraki, Fukushima, Yamagata, Miyagi, Iwate and Aomori.
・MAFF requested related organizations to establish the framework to supply enough charcoal, artificial coal and so on.
・MAFF provided 26t of charcoal and 1,300 sets of stove burners for Miyagi and Fukushima. (March 17-) Tohoku Regional Forest Office provided 113 sets of wood stove burners, etc. (March 20 -) MAFF secures 603t of charcoal and 1,000 sets of charcoal stove burners, 51,000 bunches of firewood and 60t of solid fuel of woodchips to provide. (as of March 30)
・Under cooperation with private fish vessels, Fisheries Agency’s fishery oversight / survey vessels and the Mother vessel for whaling research (total 10 vessels) transported 24,000 cans of powder milk, 100,000 cups of instant noodles, 420KL of diesel oil and 300kl of heavy fuel oil type A to the devastated area. (March 17-)
・Relevant ministries including Forest Agency requested the related organizations to provide housing material smoothly to respond to the shortage of them.(March 18) MAFF held Communications Conferences for Organizations of Forestry and Wood. (March 15-)



・MAFF requested related financial institutions to provide smooth finance and rescheduling of loans and so on to victims in agriculture, forestry and fisheries sectors. (March 11)


【Rural land and agricultural facilities】

・MAFF directed each prefectures to check dams and storage reservoirs and to prevent secondary disasters based on the premise of maximum priority on human life.
・MAFF dispatched experts of National Institute for Rural Engineering and staff in charge to Miyagi and Fukushima prefecture for the emergency checkups of agricultural facilities based on the requests from these prefectures. (March 13-)
・MAFF delivered 59 pumps for first aid from Land Improvement Technology Offices, 40 pumps to Miyagi prefecture and 19 pumps to Fukushima prefecture and they are in use.(as of March 29)


【Other issues】

・MAFF operated the customs and quarantines rapidly in close cooperation with Ministry of Foreign Affairs and relevant ministries by providing information of the procedures of customs and quarantines of rescue dogs just after the earthquake. As a result of this operation, Japanese government has accepted 41dogs from U.K., U.S., Australia, Mexico, Swiss, Germany, Singapore and South Korea.
・MAFF issued technical guidelines in terms of feeding method to respond mixed feed shortage and temperature control of windless livestock facilities and horticultural facilities under blackout condition. (March 15)   
・In support of ensuring the supply of mixed feeds, MAFF conducted the following measures.
a) request to concerned bodies on transportation of mixed feeds by domestic vessels and tracks from Kyushu, Hokkaido, etc.
b) lending service of stocked feed grains to livestock farmers with no fee and no security.
 ・To reduce the burden on the dairy farmers who need to discard their produced raw milk, MAFF issued a technical notice to promote quick milking suspension and to inform some technical advice. (March 24)




Top of Page