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 Actions such as Shipment Restraint due to the Accident (As of April 26)

In accordance with the shipment restraint of some vegetables and raw milk, MAFF updated the Q&A on “Actions such as Shipment Restraint due to the Accident (as of April 13, 2011)” to reflect the recent situation.

※ This Q&A will be updated as needed.

Q1:How does MAFF consider the compensation for farmers under the shipment restraint? 

A:

1. MAFF understands that proper compensation is necessary for farmers under the shipment restraint of vegetables, etc. due to the accident of nuclear power station. The compensation is necessary to make the shipment restraint effective and to secure the safety of food for consumers.

2. According to the Law concerning Compensation for Nuclear Damage, Tokyo Electric Power Company (TEPCO), which is responsible for the accident, owes the compensation. The government takes all possible measures for proper compensation.

3. Specifically, the judgment on the coverage of compensation for this accident will be based on the judgment criterion of the extent of nuclear damage which is decided by Nuclear Damage Compensation Dispute Judgment Committee in accordance with the Law concerning Compensation for Nuclear Damage.

Q2: How does MAFF consider the action and compensation for the rumor damage of non-restraint products?

A:

1. In the case of the accident of nuclear power station, in general, not only the damages of agricultural and livestock products caused by the suspended shipment due to the accident but also the other damages which have substantially relations to the accident will be appropriately compensated based on the Law concerning Compensation for Nuclear Damage.

2. MAFF considers that the decline in sales of agricultural and livestock products due to the rumor damage or voluntary restraint of shipment also shall be judged based on the idea mentioned above.

3. According to the Law concerning Compensation for Nuclear Damage, TEPCO, which is responsible for the accident, owes the compensation. The government takes all possible measures for proper compensation.

Q3: What should the farmers do for the preparation of compensation?

A:

1. The coverage of this compensation will be judged based on the judgment criterion for the extent of nuclear damage which is stipulated by Nuclear Damage Compensation Dispute Judgment Committee, according to the Law concerning Compensation for Nuclear Damage.

 2. Because it takes certain period to have the judgment criterion publicly notified, farmers need to keep the evidence documents which state the follows for the preparation as of now.

(1) Reduction of sales value and the value of damage

(2) The value of damage by goods return and impossibility of resale

(3) Disposal compensation and disposal cost of products and stock which could not be sold

(4) Interest value of loans for unavoidable operational costs

3. Specifically, the following documents are necessary to be kept.

 (1) Receipt or purchase slip for the purchase of several material, etc.

 (2) Working record which indicates the quantity of agricultural products and feed which could not reach the harvest or salary payment

 (3) Record of past production quantity of agricultural products which were restrained their shipment, Their delivery record, Their shipment slip and Receipt for collection or disposal

 (4) Certificates which indicate livestock ability and Record of livestock rearing

 (5) Documents related to tax payment (Profit and loss statement etc.)

 (6) Pictures which indicate current situation

Q4: How was the stop-gap finance which serves the financial needs until receiving the compensation improved?

A:

1. From March 31, the stop-gap finance until receiving the compensation from TEPCO has been provided to the farmers who were restricted the shipment or who suffered the rumor damage from the accident. This is done as a proactive effort of JA group.

 2.  Meanwhile, smooth financial support is necessary because of the prolonged influence of shipment restraint including the uncertainness of time to pay the compensation from TEPCO.

 3.  Consequently, MAFF decided to cover the stop-gap finance for the debt guarantee without collateral and guarantor by the Agriculture Credit Guarantee Fund Association, etc.

 4. It has been pointed out that the stop-gap finance is not easy to use for farmers who have delinquent debt for its temperament reasons. But these measures make it possible that the stop-gap finance is provided smoothly and farmers who will be paid the compensation can manage the fund before receiving the compensation.

Q5: In the area contaminated by radioactive substances, may farmers plant crops such as rice?

A: 1. MAFF understands farmers' urgent necessity to make plans on agricultural management including paddy seedlings transplanting because its season is approaching. On the other hand, MAFF understands farmers' anxiety about the effect of the accident of the nuclear power station.

 2. The current contamination of vegetables is due to falling dust with radioactive substances onto the surface of vegetables. As for the agricultural products such as rice which is going to be planted, it has possibility to be contaminated by absorbing radioactive substances in soil if highly concentrated radioactive substances have already been accumulated in the farmland.

 3. Therefore, investigation of radioactive substances' concentration in the soil is necessary at first. Then, based on the investigation result, planting of crops such as rice should be decided to do or not.

 4. MAFF, with the cooperation with related prefectural government, conducts monitoring investigation, soon and works to show certain direction before the rice seedling planting season, etc.

Q6: In relation to the shipment restraint of raw milk, how should farmers plan their management?

A:

1. The raw milk which cannot be processed due to shipment restraint needs to be discarded. Therefore, MAFF understands, in dairy farming sector, immediate future planning is necessary.

2. On the other hand, it is unclear when the fallout of radioactive substances by the accident of Fukushima Nuclear Power Station will be terminated. It takes certain period to plan the future management.

3. Therefore, MAFF welcomes the effort to reduce such raw milk for example of immediate action, by reducing concentrated feed and by quick suspension of milking, considering the progress of the accident of Fukushima Nuclear Power Station.

Q7: How should the vegetables under the shipment restraint be disposed?

A:

1. MAFF asked the methods of disposal of vegetables under the shipment restraint to Nuclear Safety Commission of Japan. In terms of the evasion of spread of radioactive substances, the commission advised as follows.

(1)Plowing them under farmland and burning them are not recommended.

(2)The vegetables after harvest should be gathered and stored in one place.

(3)The vegetables can be harvested without plowing if they leave unharvested. After their harvest, farm works such as tillage can be done. Those harvested products should be gathered and stored in one place except for the evacuation area and emergency evacuation preparation area.

   2. Based on this advice, MAFF explains it and guides prefectural governments to mitigate confusion in agricultural area.

   3. Regarding a disposal method of the stored vegetables, we are under discussion with related authorities.

Q8: How should the raw milk under the shipment restraint be disposed?

A:

1. Based on the advice from an emergency technical advisory organization of Nuclear Safety Commission of Japan, the following disposal methods on raw milk under the shipment restraint are recommended.

(1) The milk should be poured into a specific point of your own land (grassland, etc.). In the case that such disposal is difficult, the milk should be spread on specific and narrow area of your own land, etc.

(2) In the case of that spreading is difficult because milk quantity is too much, for example the case of dairy companies' storage milk, the milk should be disposed at waste disposal facilities because the level of detected radioactive substance is relatively low.

2. At the same time, as tentative measures, it is necessary to make effort to reduce such raw milk, for example reducing concentrated feed and quick suspending of milking.

Q9: What is the rule to lift the restraint on the shipping of vegetables?

A:

1. First, prefectures divide geographically the own prefecture into separate areas based on the actual condition of shipment including the facilities for gathering and shipping such as JA, etc.

2. In principle, vegetables are inspected 3 times every one week in various cities of each area. The vegetables of the cities whose vegetables have shown radioactive substances over the regulation value are inspected without fail and other cities are not inspected twice.

3. When the vegetables show the radioactive substances under the regulation value 3 consecutive times, the shipment restraint will be removed.

 

Q10: What is the rule to lift the restraint on the shipping of raw milk?

A:

1. Raw milk is sampled at Cooler Stations (chilled storage facilities for raw milk) or dairy factories and inspected once a week. If the level of the radioactive substances of the raw milk from the same place is below the provisional standard for three times consecutively, the Nuclear Emergency Response Headquarters judges whether the restraint should be lifted or not, by city/town/village of the CS/dairy factory.

2. Even after the lift of the restraint, raw milk is consecutively sampled and inspected once a week.

Q11: In the case of the accident of JCO, how compensation was paid?

A:

1. In the case of the accident of Tokai Office of JCO Co., Ltd. on September 30, 1999, negotiations among people concerned had difficulty because of specialty of nuclear damage.

2. Therefore, national government and local governments were positively involved in the facilitation of negotiations, and established “Basic Ideas” which defines the coverage area which had substantial relation between cause and effect by damage item, and calculation method, etc. of damage value. Based on this “Basic ideas “, Tokai office of JCO Co., Ltd. and victims reached agreements separately.

※ As for so called “rumor damage”, there is a case which is recognized as damage by a precedent. (ex. Due to newspaper report, etc., negative rumor spread about Natto, then, the sales of Natto which was not contaminated by radioactive substances decreased.)

3. In addition, Tokai office of JCO Co., Ltd. offered the following standard of compensation for the damages within limited term and area.

    (1) Value of the damage due to sales reduction

    (2) Goods return, Discard

    (3) Cancel

    (4) Event cancel

    (5) Additional expenditure such as examination fee for radioactive detection, campaign costs for mitigation of rumor

    (6) Damage from rumor

4. The compensation was paid as follows.

    (1) Tentative compensation which was a half of claimed value was paid by December 1999.

    (2) After new year of 2000, negotiation for the official compensation had begun, then, it reached settlements.

    (3) About 6,000 settlements had been reached by March 31, 2000.

5. In this case, Nuclear Damage Compensation Dispute Judgment Committee will be established soon, according to the Law Concerning Compensation for Nuclear Damage which was amended after the JCO accident. Considered with the experience of JCO accident, the committee will establish the criterion to calculate the amount of the damage and its value.

6. Then, the compensation will be paid according to the criterion.

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