Table-7 Proposal of Japan on the Upcoming WTO NegotiationsNegotiations on Agriculture



  1.  The objectives for the next agricultural negotiations are to establish a set of rules and disciplines that are
genuinely fair and equitable for both food importing and exporting countries, as well as for developed and
developing countries, and which allow a coexistence of the various types of agriculture among Members.

  2.  The following should be ensured in such rules and disciplines:
a.  that due consideration be given to the importance of the multi-functionality of agriculture, as well as
allowing for a smooth implementation of the domestic agricultural policies and to the differences in natural
conditions by taking into consideration the historical background of agriculture of each Member;
b.  regarding food security, which can be considered as one aspect of multi-functionality, that due
consideration be given to the fact that domestic agricultural production is a basis for food security, by taking
into account the instability of food supply/demand in the international market and the problems of
starvation/malnutrition in developing countries;
c.  to redress the imbalance in rights and obligations under the WTO rules between exporting and importing

  <Main points to be addressed>

  3.  In pursuing these objectives, WTO Members should agree to:
a.  strengthen the existing rules and disciplines on export prohibition/restriction measures, export tax, export
subsidies and export state trading enterprises, with a view to redressing the imbalance of rights and
obligations between exporting and importing countries; and
b.  review the existing rules and disciplines of the Agreement on Agriculture while maintaining its basic
framework. Such a review should take account of the experiences obtained during the implementation of the
said Agreement, and facilitate a reform process for market-oriented approaches in agricultural policies
undertaken by Members.

  4.  Special consideration should be paid to developing country Members in accordance with their situations and
needs, in order to, among others, facilitate a smooth implementation of their obligations under the WTO rules
and to achieve food security.

  5.  WTO Members should actively address such new issues as the treatment of genetically modified organisms

  <Forums for negotiations>

  6.  An independent group for agricultural negotiations should be set up in the next WTO trade negotiations in
light of the particular characteristics of agriculture, which requires WTO Members to consider a wide range of
issues, such as domestic support, border measures and export rules, in a comprehensive manner. Negotiations on
those issues should be pursued comprehensively and effectively in such a group.

  7.  An appropriate forum should be established to address new issues, including GMOs, from a broad
perspective. Work in such a forum should include an analysis of the current situation, identification of the
questions to be dealt with, as well as the relationship between such questions and the existing WTO rules and