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Law for Promoting the Introduction of Sustainable Agricultural
Production Practices
Law No. 110, July 28, 1999(PROVISIONAL TRANSLATION)

(Purpose)
Article 1   The purpose of this Law is to secure agricultural production that remains in harmony with the environment by taking measures to promote the introduction of sustainable agricultural practices, and thereby contribute to healthy development of agriculture.

(Definition)
Article 2   The term "sustainable agricultural production practice" as used in this Law shall mean an improved agricultural production practice, which is recognized to contribute to maintaining and increasing the production capacity of agricultural land, which pertains to soil quality, or to securing a good farming environment. The practice must be implemented by using at least one technology that falls under each of the following techniques:

(i) Techniques to apply composts or other organic materials, which are prescribed by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries as being highly effective for improving the quality of soil;

(ii) Techniques to apply fertilizers, which are prescribed by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries as being highly effective for reducing the amount of application of synthetic chemical fertilizers; and

(iii) Techniques to prevent or eliminate harmful plants or animals, which are prescribed by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries as being highly effective for reducing the amount of application of synthetic agricultural chemicals.

(Introduction Guidelines)
Article 3   Each prefectural government shall establish guidelines for the introduction of sustainable agricultural production practices in its prefecture (hereinafter referred to as "Introduction Guidelines").
(2)  The Introduction Guidelines shall ordain the following matters concerning main agricultural products in the prefecture with regard to each district within the prefecture or, each district that subdivides such districts of the prefecture based on the different natural conditions; the matters shall be ordained in line with the characteristics of the agricultural products and the districts:

(i) Details of sustainable agricultural production practices that should be introduced;

(ii) Matters concerning measures to promote the introduction of agricultural production practices falling under the preceding item; and

(iii) Other required matters.

(3)  A prefectural government shall change its Introduction Guidelines if so required by changes in situation.
(4)  In cases where a prefectural government establishes or changes its Introduction Guidelines, it must make a public announcement to the effect without delay.

(Authorization of an Introduction Plan)
Article 4    Any party engaged in farming can create a plan for an introduction of a sustainable agricultural production practice (hereinafter referred to as the "Introduction Plan"), and submit it to the prefectural governor to receive authorization for the appropriateness of the introduction Plan, pursuant to the provisions under the Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.
(2)  An Introduction Plan must describe the following matters:

(i) Objectives to be achieved by the introduction of a sustainable agricultural production practice;

(ii) Matters concerning facility installations, machinery purchases, and other measures required for achieving the objectives provided in the preceding item; and

(iii) Matters prescribed by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.

(3)  In cases where a request for authorization referred to in Paragraph 1 was filed, the prefectural governor shall authorize the Introduction Plan if he/she considers the Introduction Plan to be appropriate according to the Introduction Guidelines and in compliance with the standards prescribed by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries.

(Changes, etc. of the Introduction Plan)
Article 5
   A party who received an authorization referred to in Paragraph 1 of the preceding article (hereinafter referred to as the "Authorized Farmer") must receive an authorization from the prefectural governor to make a change in the authorized Introduction Plan.
(2) In cases where the prefectural governor recognizes that the Authorized Farmer is not introducing a sustainable agricultural production practice in accordance to the Introduction Plan authorized under Paragraph 1 of the preceding article (If a change was authorized under the provision in the preceding paragraph, this shall be the Introduction Plan reflecting such a change; hereinafter referred to as the “Authorized Introduction Plan”), the prefectural governor can cancel the authorization.
(3) The provision under Paragraph 3 of the preceding article shall be applied mutatis mutandis to the authorization under Paragraph 1 of this article.

(Special provision concerning the Agricultural Improvement Fund Aid Law)
Article 6
   Of agricultural improvement fund (except particular region fund referred to in Article 5 Paragraph 1 of the Agricultural Improvement Fund Aid Law (Law No. 102 of 1956)) referred to in Article 2 of the said law, those kinds of funds prescribed by the Cabinet Ordinance, which are required by Authorized Farmers to introduce sustainable agricultural production practices
based on Authorized Introduction Plans, shall have redemption periods no longer than 12 years as prescribed by the Cabinet Ordinance for each kind of funds, notwithstanding the provision of the said law.

(Special provision concerning Taxation)
Article 7   Machinery and apparatuses acquired or manufactured by an Authorized Farmer according to the party's Authorized Introduction Plan shall be subject to special taxation measures as provided under the Special Taxation Measures Law (Law No. 26 of 1957).

(Assistance)
Article 8
   The State or prefectural governments shall make efforts to provide advice, guidance, help in accommodation of funds, and other assistance required for Authorized Farmers to accomplish their Authorized Introduction Plans.

(Demand for a Report)
Article 9
    The prefectural governor can d  emand Authorized Farmers to report the implementation status of their Authorized Introduction Plans.

(Penalties)
Article 10   Any party who did not make a report referred to in the preceding article or made a false report shall be fined with an amount not exceeding 100,000 yen.
(2)  In cases where a representative of a legal entity, or an attorney, a hired person, or other employees of a legal entity or a person conducts a violation referred to in the preceding paragraph with regard to the business of that legal entity or person, the perpetrator shall be punished and the legal entity or person shall be imposed with the penalty referred to in the same paragraph.


Supplementary Provision 
This Law shall enter into force on the date prescribed by the Cabinet Ordinance within three months from the date of promulgation.

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