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Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries

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Promotion of GAP

State of GAP in Japan

 Good Agricultural Practices (GAP) are management activities in the agricultural production process to ensure various components of sustainability including food safety, environmental conservation and worker safety, etc.. “Implementing GAP” aims to realize better agricultural practices by “visualizing” farmers’ activities through keeping records, improve employees’ sense of responsibility and self-initiative, and enable appropriate agricultural management through such effects as a cut in the inventory of unnecessary materials. In addition, the proper implementation of GAP can be objectively proved when farmers are audited by a third-party institution and obtain GAP certification, such as those of GLOBALG.A.P. and ASIAGAP.
 At present, GAP-certified farmers in Japan consist of 631 farmers certified by GLOBALG.A.P. (as of the end of June 2018) and 1,415 farmers certified by ASIAGAP (as of the end of March 2018) In addition, ASIAGAP, originated in Japan, was recognized by the Global Food Safety Initiative in October 2018 and became the first Japanese certification program recognized by the international organization for food safety standards. It is expected to play important roles as an organ for international certification programs. With GAP certification positioned as standards for food procurement for the 2020 Olympics and Paralympics in Tokyo, activities to obtain the certification are promoted.

Government policy for promotion of GAP

 The implementation of GAP and an increase in the acquisition of GAP certification are extremely important not only from the viewpoint of supplying domestic farm and livestock products to the 2020 Olympics and Paralympics in Tokyo but also from the viewpoint of efforts to strengthen the competitiveness of Japan’s agriculture, such as an increase in exports and nurturing of human resources in agriculture. The government has thus set a target of securing more than 1,000 instructors during FY2018 and more than trebling the number of farmers certified by GLOBALG.A.P., ASIAGAP and JGAP from the end of April 2017. And the government has been working to expand the implementation of GAP and facilitate the efficient acquisition of GAP certification through such efforts as promotion of group certification. To raise the domestic level of activities to implement GAP, the government has also worked out Guidelines on the Common Standard of GAP based on laws and regulations, the policy of the state, standards set by international organizations, scientific knowledge, etc.
 Reflecting the above-mentioned government stance, sessions to brief farmers about the significance of GAP and deepen their understanding are being held across Japan as part of efforts to promote related activities in the vanguard of agriculture. In addition, the education of GAP for young people wishing to work in agriculture in the future is also advancing through such moves as the inclusion of GAP in curriculum at agricultural high schools, prefectural agricultural colleges , etc.